雪缘园篮球比分 | 论文发表 | 手机版 | 二维码

《民族学刊》杂志
本刊往期
您当前的位置:首页 杂志文章 A Discussion on Structural Poverty in the Western Ethnic Region during the Period of Accelerated Tr
A Discussion on Structural Poverty in the Western Ethnic Region during the Period of Accelerated Tr_杂志文章
A Discussion on Structural Poverty in the Western Ethnic Region during the Period of Accelerated Tr
发布时间:2018-02-25浏览次数:5雪缘园篮球比分

雪缘园篮球比分 www.q8u08.com.cn Jia Xiaofeng

(Chongqing University of Science and Technology,Chongqing,610064,China)

JOURNAL OF ETHNOLOGY, VOL.6,NO.5,71-76,2015(CN51-1731/C,in Chinese)

DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-9391.2015.05.09

Abstract:

During the period of accelerated social transformation,except for those factors such as geographical environment,natural disaster and personal reasons,the key factor for poverty in the western ethnic region of China is structural.Moreover,this kind of structural poverty normally is integrated with other factors,such as natural disasters,culture,etc.This makes the poverty issue in the western ethnic region more prominent than in other areas.

Structural poverty creates not only a butterfly effect on poverty,but also creates serious social harm.The biggest harm is that it is difficult for the group that is poor to integrate into society,and to find relief from their poverty.On the other hand,structural poverty increases misunderstanding and distrust between the social classes and groups.Firstly,the poverty during the period of social transformation is mainly reflected in the gap between the east and west,the gap between urban and rural areas,the gap between industries,and the gap among the different groups.During the period of transformation,the gap between the western and eastern areas became bigger and bigger,and the western area became a symbol of poverty.Secondly,with regard to the gap between urban and rural areas,the gap became even larger.Thirdly,the negative social psychological problem caused by poverty led to social breakdown.Because the western ethnic minority region is in a poor and backward situation,the minority people’s sense of pride has been gradually replaced with a sense of inferiority.People feel that their development is restricted,and they have become a marginalized social group. The economic gaps between the western ethnic minority region and the eastern region,as well as the internal gaps within the western ethnic minority region,have caused misunderstandings among the different regions and within the same ethnic group.The entire society’s anxiety level with regard to the wealth is increasing.The rich do not feel safe with their wealth,and the poor look upon the rich as the enemy.A kind of structural division among the different social groups in the society has appeared.The last thing is that poverty not only causes social breakdown, but also creates malnutrition among the poor, especially among the children in the western ethnic minority region.The state also has noticed this negative social result,and has started to provide free nutritious lunches in primary and middle schools for the children from poor families. This is a one way to remedy the system.

Structural poverty is not only due to the less-developped economy,but is also due to the social system’s unfair allocation of wealth,even when the economy is highly developed.As a result,some people cannot enjoy the fruits of economic development.Since structural poverty is caused by the system,its management should doubtlessly begin from within the system.Under the precondition that poverty alleviation system must be combined with the welfare system,we should strive for the economic development of society so as to accelerate the economic development of the western region; ensure and enhance the “hematopoietic function” of the region,of the ethnic groups,of the community and of the family from the angle of the system.And in this way to construct a modern state governance system and realize the modernization of governance.

Firstly,one should promote the development vitality of the western ethnic minority region.The western ethnic minority region must insist on taking the market as its guide, pay attention to industrial adjustment,cultivate and construct an industrial base with regional characteristics,and realize sustainable development for increasing the industrial competitiveness,and input capital support for poverty alleviation.The enhancement of the cooperation between the eastern and western parts of China can promote the indust[来自雪缘园篮球比分 www.q8u08.com.cn]rial structure of the eastern part,while extending the industrial chain of the western minority region,thus,realizing a win-win result.

Secondly,based on the overall planning of urban and rural areas,one should promote the steps needed for the construction of urban and rural integration.Overall planning urban and rural development means for the urban area to play a leading role for the rural area,while the rural area plays a role to promote the urban area.In this way,urban-rural integration can be realized.Under the new situation,if one wants to accelerate urban-rural integration in the western ethnic area,and promote the social development of the region,one should pay attention to the following aspects: 1)make a perfect overall plan for urban-rural development ,and make an effort to form a new development framework for urban-rural integration; 2)make an effort to accelerate urban development,and fully utilize the urban areas’ leading role for the poor rural areas in the western ethnic minority region; 3)accelerate the development speed of the poor rural areas in the western ethnic minority region,and enhance the supportive role of the rural area to the urban area; 4)promote the efficient flow of key elements between the urban and rural areas,realize the industrialization and urbanization of the rural area; 5)create a positive social cultural atmosphere,and gradually promote the development capability of the poor population in the rural area.

Thirdly,based on the construction of the people’s livelihood,and optimizing social resources,one should improve the social welfare system in the ethnic region.The construction of the people’s livelihood is related to the people’s most basic,most long-term and most vital benefits.The social welfare system is the primary and fundamental arrangement for the harmonious development of modern society,and it is a safety net for the people’s livelihood.Accelerating and perfecting the social welfare system in the western ethnic minority region plays an important role for social development and,ethnic unity,as well as for the social stability in the western region.

Finally,the poverty alleviation system should be improved.A good poverty alleviation system is necessary while supporting the poor.At present,governments on various levels of the state are proactively implementing poverty alleviation plans,making policies and syst[来自雪缘园篮球比分 www.q8u08.com.cn]ems related to poverty alleviation and social welfare.These poverty alleviation plans and policies must depend on a good poverty alleviation system.While the state constructs modern governance system,it must break the influence of the planned economic system,and forms a poverty alleviation system which links the nation,society,and individual together so as to increase the efficiency and quality of the poverty alleviation.

Key Words: period of accelerated social transformation; western ethnic minority region; structural poverty

References:

Goldding,Peter.Excluding the Poor, London:CPAG,1986.

Karl Marx.ziben lun(Capital)[Vol.1],Beijijng: renmin chubanshe,2004.

Liu Jianhua,Dong Chongyang.makesi zhuyi jingjixue de pinkun lilun ji qi dangdai jiazhi(The Theory of Poverty in Marxist Economics and Its Modern Value, In Political Economy Review,2012,(2):130.

Liu Zheng.quanguo tongchou chengxiang peitao gaige shidian,chengdu tigong le youyi jingyan (Chengdu Provides a Good Experience for the Country’s Pilot Reform on Urban-Rural Coordination), [DB/OL].(2010-06-08)[2014-09-12].//www.xinhuanet.com/chinanews/2010-06/08/content_20011155.htm

Ian Robertson.Social Problems(2d ed),New York:Random House,1980:162.

Rex A.Skidmore,Milton G.Thackeray.Introduction to Social Work(2d ed ),In Engwood Cliffs,NJ:Prentice -Hall,1976.

Townsend,P.Poverty in the United Kingdom, London:Allen Lane and Penguin Books,1979.

您对《A Discussion on Structural Poverty in the Western Ethnic Region during the Period of Accelerated Tr》一文的评论
  • 美媒:研究表明多锻炼腿部能强健大脑 2018-12-12
  • 图解:习近平主席这12个金句振奋人心! 2018-12-12
  • “她用生命完成了最后一堂课” 2018-12-12
  • 中国佛教协会举办2018年佛诞节活动 2018-12-11
  • 指尖触碰 你我结缘丨浙江新闻4周年 我们再出发 2018-12-11
  • 回复@信马克.blog:啥叫公有制? 2018-12-11
  • 湖北出台实施意见社会公益事业信息3年内有望全公开 2018-12-10
  • 上合组织青岛峰会新闻中心启用 机器人为记者提供交互服务 2018-12-10
  • 简单的“观摩交流” 让“阳光执法”更阳光 ——浅议新沂市动监督所“监管检查和观摩交流周”活动 2018-12-10
  • 神经。你还觉得下一个经济应该是按官分配么? 2018-12-10
  • 村教扶智,幕天在行动:“千城万区助村教”行动走进北京、泉州等全国各地城市 2018-12-09
  • 快来看一看,被中国报协点名的十九大融合传播优秀作品“优”在哪儿 2018-12-09
  • 安徽构建“三有”型稳定脱贫新模式 带动贫困户增收 2018-12-09
  • 青海:第五批党外代表人士挂职锻炼工作启动 2018-12-08
  • 中山八路总站调整12公交线 2018-12-08
  • 71| 788| 79| 16| 737| 797| 937| 267| 763| 667|